- Gen. 1:26 has "Let us make man" ('adam), but 1:27 has "So God created man" (ha'adam). Both refer to the same collective, "male and female he created them". Thus, here "man" is not Adam, but humanity.
- The article is used with Adam's name when he fathered Cain (4:1a), but not when he fathered Seth (4:25).
- Gen. 2-4 usually adds the article, but 5:1-5 consistently omits it.
- The article is used from Gen. 6 onward, where "man" cannot denote Adam.
- From "there was no man to work the ground" in 2:5, Nelson seems to conclude that what follows is a creation story amplifying 1:27. Is he reasoning in a circle?
- Interpretation has to consider the immediate and wider contexts, and language flexibility.
- Gen. 1:1-2:4a has a global frame, but 2:4b-4:16 is local, dealing with the land of Sumer of the fifth millennium BC, as evidenced by the four rivers of 2:10-14. Gen. 2-4 is not a second creation story.
- After Gen. 2:4b, the geographical context gradually widens towards the northwest, until 12:3, when Abraham is sent to Canaan. In particular, Noah's flood was local.